BWV 245.3

First Version: Setting from 1724 premiere performance
First Performance: 7 April 1724, Good Friday


Second Version: Setting from a later repeat performance
First Performance: ca. 1740 (Wolff)


Previous: BWV 244.62    Next: BWV 245.5

Original source: Passion, St. John Passion, BWV 245
Chorale Text: Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen (verse 7), by Johann Heermann (1630)
Tune: Herzliebster Jesu, was hast du verbrochen, by Johann Crüger (1640) (Zahn 983)
Appearance in Early Collections (Key): Riemenschneider 59 (Second Version); Breitkopf 58 (Second Version); Birnstiel 62 (Second Version); Dietel 136 (First Version); AmB 46II p.139 (First Version); Levy–Mendelssohn 16; Fasch p.76 (Second version)
Other Harmonizations: BWVs 244.3, 244.46, 245.17

Instrumentation: Colla parteS: violin 1, oboe 1, 2 tr. flutes. A: violin 2, oboe 2. T: viola. B: organ, continuo.

Original manuscripts
Score: 1) D–B Mus. ms. Bach P 28 (earliest score available, 1739/1749)
2) D–B Mus. ms. Bach P 29 (bach–digital page) (2nd half of 18th c.)
Parts: 1) D–B Mus. ms. Bach St 111, Faszikel 1 (1st Version, 1724)
2) D–B Mus. ms. Bach St 111, Faszikel 2 (2nd Version, 1725)
3) D–B Mus. ms. Bach St 111, Faszikel 3 (3rd version, 1728–1732; viola da gamba mvmt 30 and organ mvmt 19 only)
4) D– Mus. ms. Bach St 111, Faszikel 4 (4th Version, 1749; vn 1, va, harps. only)

Notes

Christoph Wolff points to the revisions of this chorale and the one that follows (BWV 245.5) in order to demonstrate a general evolution in Bach’s chorale style, with the revised settings demonstrating a "clearly emerging tendency toward a consistently polyphonic design of texture [that] cannot be overlooked." (Bach: Essays on His Life and Music, Harvard University Press (1994), p.387) Wolff dates the revisions of these two settings at "about 1740." The D–B Mus. ms. Bach P 28 score manuscript, which bach–digital dates at 1739/1749, contains the revised versions of these settings.



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